The first 50-60% of the book is kind of depressing:
- Has the US really bombed and/or invaded that many other countries since World War II?
- Has the middle class of the entire developed world pretty much gone nowhere since 1980 and Reagan and Thatcher invented trickle-down economics? While CEO salaries and corporate profits have outpaced GDP growth?
- Are the WTO and the IMF designed primarily as instruments of economic colonialism, loaning developing countries money that is pocketed by corrupt elites or returned to the developed countries as consulting contracts, and keeping the developing countries in a permanent debtor status?
- Is "free trade" designed to keep developing companies from protecting fledgling new local industries via tariffs, so that they remain nothing but sources of raw materials and slave/cheap labor for the developed countries manufacturers -- developed countries who used tariffs and other tools of "sovereign trade" to protect their new industries in the 19th and 20th centuries?
- Do the executives of large corporations really not mind trashing the earth if it means they get their $10M bonuses and their billionaire lifestyles?
Of course, this is against a backdrop of the ecosystem collapse that we are heading into, with global warming, extinction of 1/3 of the species on the earth, continued rising population, antibiotic-resistant bacteria, monoculture farming, and endocrine disruptors in the water supply. He also includes GMOs (Genetically Modified Organisms) in this list, which I would not classify as the same level of problem as the others.
Interestingly, he also contends that we have passed or are right at "peak oil" -- which means that we have used over half the fossil fuels on the planet, such that supplies will from here on out decline and continuously increase in price -- leading to an economic collapse to match the ecological one. And he points out, this is a one-time supply. If we run out before we have alternative energy sources in place, we are totally screwed, there will be no energy to drive civilization.
He talks about books on the collapse of civilizations, including "Collapse" by Jared Diamond, blogged here. He reaches the same conclusion that Diamond did: that civilizations usually collapse because of ecological catastrophes. This time, tho, the difference is we're talking about possibly the whole world.
In discussing how we got here, he contrasts the current system vs a new system that would try to address these problems rather than ignore them in favor of continued wealth extraction by the world's wealthiest.
- Cartesian/Newtonian worldview.
- Growth economy.
- Good of the merchant class most important.
- Globalization maintains status quo with US on top.
- Corporatocracy (the Empire).
- The Neoliberal Project.
- Continuous war -- from the War on Communism to the War on Terror.
- Quantum, holistic worldview.
- Sustainable economy.
- Good of everyone most important.
- Localization creates micro, eco-friendly, local markets worldwide.
- The Gaian League.
- Peace, and a peace dividend.
The discussion of The Neoliberal Project (or "wealthism" or "financial colonialism") is fascinating. From WW2 until 1980, there was pretty much growth and prosperity for many, and no financial crises. Then, Reagan and Thatcher and Neoliberalism:
- unrestricted movement of capital across borders in a currency regime of floating rates without capital controls;
- removal of all restrictions on the free flow of goods and labor;
- minimum government regulation of markets;
- removing of all subsidies to domestic industries;
- privatization of state enterprises.
All of this leads to the horrible inequality we are seeing in the world today, both between and within countries. And studies show, inequality is bad, producing poorer health and less happiness for starters. This applies to everyone, not just the Have-nots. Many studies lately have show that even Republicans want a more equalitarian society than what the US has developed into. Increasingly the .01% billionaires seem to be horribly unhappy, driven, sociopathic power and money addicts.
So then on to what a better system could look like. Note, he characterizes quantum theory as showing that "everything is interconnected", which I would not. And, he chooses to use James Lovelock's Gaia Theory, which I would not particularly put in the scientific mainstream. But, to me, his slight misappropriation of science is far outweighed by the overwhelming economic and social evidence for the need for something new.
He divides the population of the world into 3 groups:
- the Cultural Creatives -- us, the cool kids and hipsters. In 1999, 26% of the population, now 35%.
- the Moderns -- the corporate hacks and yuppies, $$$. 49% in 1999.
- the Traditionals -- the christian dumbasses. 25% in 1999.
Overall, the new system comes with only two core values:
- Sustainable development, or eco-economics;
- Human rights.
Finally, there is the new government structure of the new system:
- the Gaian Trade Organization.
- the Gaian Clearing Union. This maintains an artificial "currency" for international exchange, and frees the US dollar from its role as the world's currency, allowing us to decrease our deficit without decreasing the liquidity of the world's cash supply.
- the Gaian Development Bank.
- the Gaian Congress.
- the Gaian Commission -- the executive branch.
- the Gaian Court of Justice.
- the Gaian Resource Board -- administers both nonrenewable and renewable resources. This has got to be the hardest piece.
- the Gaian Council -- the council of "wise elders" with veto power. People like Nelson Mandela and Jimmy Carter.
Finally, he talks about, how do we get there? Surprisingly, some of the paths seem possible. The Old Lizards really aren't going to like this approach at all tho. So that the Powers That Be will instead of course want to continue to become more obscenely rich at the expense of everyone and everything else.
One thing he didn't talk about, except for a passing reference to Newt Gingrich touting space exploration as a solution to limits to growth, is just that: space exploration, asteroid mining, etc as source of more materials. But, despite my most optimistic, futuristic outlook, I would say that we will not be able to get an interplanetary economy going anywhere near in time to help with the ecosystem collapse we are facing. Plus, the problem is not just sources, it also sinks. We still have to control growth, or we will wind up living (or dying) on a planet that is all one large garbage dump.
This seems like a really long summary. I guess there is a lot there. There were dozens of FFTKAT (Fun Facts To Know And Tell) that I have omitted for the sake of brevity.
I recommend this book highly. It is a fairly quick read, 336p. I read it in 2-3 days -- ha ha, cool, Kobo reader tells me I read it in 13.6 hours! Lots of new (economic) concepts for me, but well explained and very comprehensible. Joe Bob sez, Check it out!